Who does a Pidyon HaBen at his Bar Mitzvah? (Halacha a day)

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Usually a firstborn baby boy whose father is a Cohen or Levi, or his mother is the daughter of a Cohen or Levi does not need a Pidyon HaBen.

If the firstborn’s mother is Jewish but his father is not, then he does his own Pidyon at his Bar Mitzvah.

A daughter of a Cohen or Levi who slept with a non-Jew has lost her special status and does not exempt her firstborn son from a Pidyon HaBen, even if the firstborn’s father is Jewish.

A firstborn who was orphaned from his father before his Pidyon HaBen, should get redeemed by Bet Din, not by his mother.

A firstborn who was not redeemed as a child, needs to do a Pidyon HaBen to himself as soon as he finds out; once he becomes Bar Mitzvah.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 164:7, 8

Danny Schoemann

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