Making tents on Shabbat (Halacha a day)

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Making a roof on Shabbat is forbidden; even if it’s a temporary flimsy roof.

A roof is defined as a cover, over an area of at least 1 Tefach (8 cm, 3″) by 1 Tefach, and at least 1 Tefach of space underneath it.

For example, on Shabbat one may not put a netting over a baby’s crib – to protect the baby from flies – since one is creating a roof over the crib.

However, one may extend an existing roof, if the roof was already stretched out at least 1 Tefach.

For example, one may roll up the netting over a baby’s crib until the last Tefach, before Shabbat, and unroll it on Shabbat, since 1 Tefach was left unrolled.

Even if the netting – when rolled-up – was wider than 1 Tefach, it does not count towards the unrolled section. One needs 1 Tefach unrolled, besides for the width of the roll.

These Halachot apply to Yom Tov also.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 80:77

Danny Schoemann

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