Baal HaTurim

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Commentary on The Torah (Hebrew, Jewish text on the Chumash) by Jacob ben Asher, also known as Ba’al ha-Turim.

Jacob ben Asher was born in Cologne, Germany in about 1269 and died in Toledo, Spain in about 1343. He was an influential Medieval rabbinic authority. He is often referred to as the Baal ha-Turim (“Master of the Rows”), after his main work in halakha (Jewish law), the Arba’ah Turim, (“Four Rows.”) The work was divided into 4 sections, each called a “tur,” alluding to the rows of jewels on the High Priest’s breastplate. He was the third son of the Rabbi Asher ben Jehiel (known as the “Rosh”), a German-born Rabbi who moved to Spain. Besides his father, who was his principal teacher, Jacob quotes very often in the Turim his elder brother Jehiel; once his brother Judah, and once his uncle R. Chaim. According to many, Jacob moved to Spain with his father and was not born there.

Some say Jacob succeeded his father as the rabbi of the Jewish community of Toledo (Zacuto), while others say his brother Judah ben Asher did. Two of his brothers (Jehiel and Judah) were also rabbis of different communities in Spain. He lived in abject poverty most of his life, and is said to have fallen ill and died with his comrades on the island of Chios, Greece, whilst travelling.

Category: Reference
Released: July 07, 2009
Publisher: Dovid Zirkind
Price: $0.99 (buy app)

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